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Numbers

Numbers have a wide range of uses from counting, specifying how much something costs, identifying how much of something there is, specifying dates, and so forth. Listed below are basic examples of numbers in both plain and spoken Finnish.

Cardinal numbers

Cardinal numbers are used for counting or when indicating quantity.

Ordinal numbers

Ordinal numbers are a way to designate the place an item occupies in an ordered sequence, such as first, second, third, and so forth.

Range between 2 numbers

When indicating the range between two numbers, such as when specifying dates, the first number utilizes the elative locative case to denote from while the second number utilizes the illative locative case to denote to. Written number ranges can quickly get quite long in standard Finnish, and while they aren’t commonly written out in full, the benefits of condensing them when spoken can be quickly seen. Listed below are a few examples in standard and spoken Finnish:

  • 1-10
    • Standard: Yhdestä kymmeneen
    • Spoken: Yksi viiva kymmenen
  • 1500-3000
    • Standard: Tuhannesta viidestäsadasta kolmeen tuhanteen
    • Spoken: Tuhat viissataa viiva kolmetuhatta
  • 999-9999
    • Standard: Yhdeksästä sadasta yhdeksästä kymmenestä yhdeksästä yhdeksään tuhanteen yhdeksään sataan yhdeksäänkymmeneen yhdeksään
    • Spoken: Yheksan sataa ysikyt yhdeksän viiva yheksan tuhatta yheksan sataa ysikyt yhdeksän
    • Condensed spoken: Ysi ysi ysi viiva ysi ysi ysi ysi

Numbers in spoken Finnish

In spoken Finnish the final vowel is often dropped in numbers 1-6 and 11-19 and multiples of ten condense from kymmentä to kyt. For example:

  • 1-6
    • Standard: Yksi, kaksi, kolme, nelja, viisi, kuusi
    • Spoken: Yks, kaks, kol, nel, viis, kuus
    • Condensed spoken: Yy, kaa, koo, nee, vii
  • 20, 30, 40:
    • Standard: Kaksikymmentä, kolmekymmentä, neljäkymmentä
    • Spoken: Kakskyt, kolkyt, nelkyt