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Joutua (Verb type1)


  1. (intransitive + illative) to get (into a negative position or situation)
    Hän joutui vaikeuksiin.
    S/he got into trouble.
    Hän joutui sairaalahoitoon.
    S/he had to be hospitalized.
  2. (intransitive + illative) to end up in (involuntarily, in a place considered negative)
    Dokumentit joutuivat roskakoriin.
    The documents ended up in a trashcan.
  3. (intransitive, auxiliary, + active 3rd infinitive in illative) to be forced (to do something)
    Presidentti joutui eroamaan.
    The President was forced to resign.
  4. (intransitive, when commanding somebody) to hurry up
    Koeta nyt joutua!
    Hurry up, please!
    Joudupa jo sieltä!
    Come on already!


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".