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Pitää (Verb type1)


  1. (transitive + partitive) to hold, grasp, grip
    Minä voin pitää laukkuasi. ― I can hold your bag.
  2. (transitive + accusative) to keep, take
    Pidän tämän sisiliskon. ― I will keep this lizard.
  3. (transitive + partitive) to keep, preserve
    Pidä ikkunaa auki.Keep the window open.
  4. (transitive + partitive) to hold, keep
    Nämä kengät eivät pidä vettä. ― These shoes can't hold water.
  5. (transitive + elative) to like, be fond of
    Minä pidän appelsiineista. ― I like oranges.
    Pidän omenoista enemmän kuin appelsiineista. ― I prefer apples to oranges. (literally, “I like apples more than oranges.”)
    He pitävät tanssimisesta. ― They like dancing.
    Synonym: tykätä
    Antonyms: inhota, vihata
  6. (transitive, impersonal, genitive + 3rd-pers. singular + 1st infinitive) to have (to do); (in conditional mood) should (do), ought (to do), be supposed (to do), would have (to do)
    Sinun pitää mennä töihin. ― You have to go to work.
    Meidän pitäisi mennä töihin. ― We should go to work.
  7. (transitive + partitive + essive) to consider (to be), to assess, to see as
    Minä pidän ihmis vihamielisi. ― I consider people to be hostile.
  8. (transitive + elative + kiinni) to hold onto
    Minä voin pitää laukustasi kiinni. ― I can hold onto your bag.
  9. (transitive + partitive) to keep, take care of
    Korkeasaaressa pidetään monenlaisia eläimiä. ― Many types of animals are kept in Korkeasaari Zoo.
  10. (transitive (+ yllään) + partitive) to wear (clothes, etc.)
  11. (transitive) to hold, to organize (such as an event)
  12. (transitive) Used in very many collocations with nouns, translated often as “engage in”, “have”, “do”, “transact”, “pursue”, “conduct”, “carry out” “keep up”, “maintain”, “lead/teach” etc.
    Hän piti kuulustelua syytetylle. ― S/he was conducting an interrogation of the accused.
    Pidän SAP-kurssia. ― I teach a SAP course.
    Pidetään tauko. ― Let's have a break.


Indicative Conjugations

The present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect (past perfect) tenses in English correspond to "speaks", "spoke", "has spoken", and "had spoken".

Conditional Conjugations

The conditional present and perfect moods in English typically correspond to "would" and "would have".