Onomatopoeias

Onomatopoeis are the naming of a thing or action by vocally imitating the sound associated with it. For example, bees buzz and dogs bark. Onomatopoeias come up quite often so they are good to be familiar with when learning a new language. Listed below are many common ones.

For more information check this cross-linguistic onomatopoeias article from Wikipedia.

List of onomatopoeias for eating and drinking

ExampleEnglishFinnish
BitingChomp, munch, nomRousk
Eating foodYum yum, om nom nom, slurp slurpNam nam, nami nami
SwallowingGulpKlup

List of onomatopoeias for bodily functions and involuntary sounds

ExampleEnglishFinnish
Heart beatingThump thump, ba boom, ba bump, lub-dubTu-tum, pu-pum
BelchingBurpRöyh
CoughingKoffKöh köh
FlatulenceFart, poot, toot, blapp, pfftPrut, prööt
SneezingAtishoo, achooAtshii, atshiu, atsiuh, ätshii, ätshiu, ätsiuh
SnoringZzzKrooh pyyh
YawningYawnHaukotus

List of onomatopoeias for animal sounds

ExampleEnglishFinnish
Chicken cluckingCluck cluck, bok bok bok, bok bok b’gawkKot kot
Rooster crowingCock a doodle dookukkokiekuu, kukko (cock), kiekuu (crowing)
Turkey callingGobble gobbleKlu klu klu
Duck callingQuackKvaak kvaak
Bird singingchirp chirp, tweet tweet, cheep cheep, peep peeptsirp tsirp, tviit, piip piip, ti-ti-tyy
Crow callingCaw cawKraa kraa
Owl hootingHoo hooHuhuu
Cat meowingMeowMiau, mau, nau, kurnau
Dog barkingWoof, arf, bow wow, ruff, yap yapHau hau, vuh vuh
Dog or wolf howlingAwoooAuuu, vouuu
Horse whinnyingNeighIi-ha-haa
Horse trottingClip clopKlip-klop
Donkey brayingHee-haw, wee-snawIhaa
Cow mooingMooAmmuu, muu, möö
Sheep bleatingBaaMää, bää
Goat bleatingMaa, naaMä-ä-ä-ää, bä-ä-ä-ää
Pig gruntingOink oinkRöh röh, nöf nöf
Pig squealingBree breeSkviik
Elephant trumpetingBaraag, nrrr, tootTööt, trööt
Lion/tiger roaringRoar, grrr, rawr, roarMur
Monkey chattingOo-ooh a-aahJuk juk, tsik tsik
Bee buzzingBuzz, bzzzSurr, surrur
Frog croakingRibbit, gribbit, croakKurr kurr, kroak

List of general onomatopoeias

ExampleEnglishFinnish
Baby cryingWah wahByääh, yää
ScreamAh, arghh ow, ouch, yeow, yow, agh, eek, yikes, oofAu, ai, auts
ShriekYagh, gah, eek, yikesIik, kääk
HushingHush, shh, shushShh, hys
Pausing or thinkingUh, um, er, erm, hmmm, mmmÖö
LaughterHaha, heh-heh, hoho, (tee)heeheeHaha, hahhah, hehe, hehheh, hihi, höhö
KissMwah, smooch, smackMuisk
Balloon or bubble burstingPop, bangPoks
Cannon firing, gunshot, machine gun firebam, boom, blam, kaboom; bang, pow; rat-at-at-at-at-at, gat-gat-gat-gat, skkrrt skkrrt, dakka-dakkaPum, pam, ra-ta-ta-ta-ta-ta, rä-tä-tä-tä-tä-tä
CrashBoom, bam, wham, slam, bang, crash, clash, pow, thonk, thunk, thud, clangPam, pum, ryskis, kolin, räiskis
Door or floor creakingCreakKriik, narsk
KnockingKnock knock, bang bang bangKop kop
Car engine revvingVroom vroom, broom broomVruum vruum, bruum bruum, prööm prööm
Car horn honkingHonk honk, beep beep, toot tootTööt tööt
Clock tickingTick tockTik tak
Doorbell ringingDing-dongPim pom
Siren wailingWee-woo, ee naw, waow-waowPii paa, viiuu viiuu viiuu
Train whistlingChoo choo, woo wooTuut tuut
Electric shockZapTsäp
Water drippingDrip drop, plink plonkTip tip
Wind blowing or waves flowingWhoo, whoosh, swish, rustle, whine, whizz, whistle, wheeze, howl, zoom, sigh, sough, surfViuuh
JinglingClink clank, dingle dangle, jingle jangleKilin, helin