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Elative

The Elative (elatiivi) case is part of the internal locative cases. It typically corresponds to the “from” preposition in English, and usually refers to a change or observation of something going “from inside to outside”. This is not always exact and depends on the context. In Finnish it is indicated by the -sta/-stä suffix.

Concept

Including, but not limited to:

  • When something comes from somewhere.
  • When giving an opinion.
  • When using certain verbs.

Usage

When something comes from somewhere

Typically when something physically comes, moves or changes its position from somewhere.

WordTranslationExampleTranslation
TaloHouseTalosta,
taloista
From the house(s)
KaappiCupboardKaapista,
kaapeista
From the cupboard(s)
LaatikkoBoxLaatikosta,
laatikoista
From the box(es)
TaskuPocketTaskusta,
taskuista
From the pocket(s)
AutoCarAutosta,
autoista
From the car(s)

When giving an opinion

Opinions are typically provided from someone, so they utilise the Elative locative case.

WordTranslation
Minä tykkään kahvistaI like coffee
Sinusta kirja oli loistava(In your opinion) the book was great
Hänestä Suomi on kaunis maa(In his opinion) Finland is a beautiful country

When using certain verbs

When using verbs to express opinions, such as Pitää or Tykätä.

WordTranslation
Minä pidän kahvistaI like coffee
Hän pitää ruoanlaitostaHe likes cooking
Tykkäätkö sinä kissoista?Do you like cats?

Formation

When words end in a single vowel

Words that end in a single vowel of -a/-ä, -o/-ö or -u/-y simply add the -sta/-stä suffix.

WordConjugation
TaloTalosta
SänkySängystä
KaappiKaapista

When words end in -e

Words that end in -e acquire a second -e before adding the -sta/-stä suffix.

WordConjugation
HuoneHuoneesta
VeneVeneestä
LentokoneLentokoneesta

When words end in -nen

Words that end in -nen change to -se before adding the -sta/-stä suffix.

WordConjugation
SininenSinisestä
SuomalainenSuomalaisesta
ToinenToisesta

New Finnish words

New Finnish words typically look or sound like words in other languages. They perhaps most commonly seem to resemble English words. These words simply add the -sta/-stä suffix.

WordConjugation
PankkiPankista
BussiBussista
KahviKahvista

Old Finnish words

Old Finnish words that end in -i change to -e before adding the -sta/-stä suffix.

WordConjugation
JärviJärvestä
LahtiLahdesta
SuomiSuomesta

Old Finnish words ending in -si

Old Finnish words that end in -si change to -de before adding the -sta/-stä suffix.

WordConjugation
UusiUudesta
KuukausiKuukaudesta
VuosiVuodesta