The allative (Allatiivi) case is part of the external locative cases. It typically corresponds to the “to”, “on” or “onto” prepositions in English, and usually refers to a change or observation of something going “from outside to a closeby” position. In Finnish it is indicated by the -lle suffix.
- When something is going to (but not necessarily into) something else, such as an open space.
- When giving something to someone.
When going to something
When going to but not necessarily into something, such as a generally open space, add -lle to the word.
|To the house(s)|
|To the cupboard(s)|
|To the box(es)|
|To the pocket(s)|
|To the car(s)|
When giving something to someone
Such as objects of any type.
|Joulupukki antaa paljon joululahjoja lapsille||Santa Claus gives many gifts to the children|
|Minä ostin lahja ystävän kissalle||I bought a gift for my friend’s cat|
|Voitko sinä antaa minulle kahvia?||Can you give to me some coffee?|
New Finnish words
New Finnish words typically look or sound like words in other languages. They perhaps most commonly seem to resemble English words. These words simply add the -lle suffix.