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Allative

The allative (Allatiivi) case is part of the external locative cases. It typically corresponds to the “to”, “on” or “onto” prepositions in English, and usually refers to a change or observation of something going “from outside to a closeby” position. In Finnish it is indicated by the -lle suffix.

Concept

  • When something is going to (but not necessarily into) something else, such as an open space.
  • When giving something to someone.

Usage

When going to something

When going to but not necessarily into something, such as a generally open space, add -lle to the word.

WordTranslationExampleTranslation
TaloHouseTalolle,
taloille
To the house(s)
KaappiCupboardKaapille,
kaapeille
To the cupboard(s)
LaatikkoBoxLaatikolle,
laatikoille
To the box(es)
TaskuPocketTaskulle,
taskuille
To the pocket(s)
AutoCarAutolle,
autoille
To the car(s)

When giving something to someone

Such as objects of any type.

WordTranslation
Joulupukki antaa paljon joululahjoja lapsilleSanta Claus gives many gifts to the children
Minä ostin lahja ystävän kissalleI bought a gift for my friend’s cat
Voitko sinä antaa minulle kahvia?Can you give to me some coffee?

Formation

When words end in a single vowel

Words that end in a single vowel of -a/-ä, -o/-ö or -u/-y simply add the -lle suffix.

WordConjugation
PihaPihalle
KatuKadulle
ParvekeParvekkeelle

When words end in -e

Words that end in -e acquire a second -e before adding the -lle suffix.

WordConjugation
HuoneHuoneelle
VeneVeneelle
LentokoneLentokoneelle

When words end in -nen

Words that end in -nen change to -se before adding the -lle suffix.

WordConjugation
KeltainenKeltaiselle
SuomalainenSuomalaiselle
ToinenToiselle

New Finnish words

New Finnish words typically look or sound like words in other languages. They perhaps most commonly seem to resemble English words. These words simply add the -lle suffix.

WordConjugation
PankkiPankille
BussiBussille
KahviKahville

Old Finnish words

Old Finnish words that end in -i change to -e before adding the -lle suffix.

WordConjugation
JärviJärvelle
LahtiLahdelle
SuomiSuomelle

Old Finnish words ending in -si

Old Finnish words that end in -si change to -de before adding the -lle suffix.

WordConjugation
UusiUudelle
KuukausiKuukaudelle
VuosiVuodelle