The Adessive (adessiivi) case is part of the external locative cases. It typically corresponds to the “at”, “on” or “around” prepositions in English, and usually refer to being externally closeby or around something. In Finnish it is indicated by the -lla/-llä suffix.
Including, but not limited to:
- When something is at, near or around something.
- When something is on top of something.
- When referring to open spaces.
- When describing possession.
- When being or going by or with something.
- When phrasing or expressing time.
When something is at, near, or around something
If something has a close proximity to something else, such as being near or around it, add the -lla/-llä suffix.
|Around the house(s)|
|Around the cupboard(s)|
|Around the box(es)|
|Around the store(s)|
|Around the car(s)|
When something is on top of something
Physically on top where both objects can be identified.
|Lasi on pöydällä||The glass is on the table|
|Kirja on hyllyllä||The book is on the shelf|
|Kissa on tuolilla||The cat is on the chair|
When being or going by or with something
Usually to indicate physical or close proximity to something.
|Minä matkustan metrolla||I travel by/with the metro|
|Hän tulee pyörällä||He comes by bicycle|
|Kuuntelen musiikkia kuulokkeilla||I listen to music with headphones|
When phrasing or expressing time
When identifying a general period of time something occurs the Adessive case is used.
|Päivällä||During the day|
|Viime viikolla||Last week|
|Huomenna illalla||Tomorrow evening|
New Finnish words
New Finnish words typically look or sound like words in other languages. They perhaps most commonly seem to resemble English words. These words simply add the -lla/-llä suffix.